There is no cure for pulmonary hypertension. Treatment is usually aimed at slowing or stopping the progression of the disease, and treating the symptoms. Treatment may vary depending on the type of pulmonary hypertension you have and how serious it is. Treatments tend to be complicated and require lots of follow-up care.
The following treatments may be used alone or in combination in treating pulmonary hypertension:
If you smoke, it is important to quit smoking. Your doctor can help you by recommending programs and products that can help you quit. You should also avoid secondhand smoke, and places where other lung irritants, such as dust, fumes, or toxic substances are present as much as possible.
- Physical activity can help to improve your overall wellness. Your doctor can help you determine what kinds of activity are safe for you.
- Avoid becoming pregnant, as pregnancy with pulmonary hypertension can be life-threatening for the mother and baby.
- Avoid high altitudes. Living at high altitude can cause your blood to become slightly thicker, which can make pulmonary hypertension and its effects worse.
- Eat a nutritious diet that is low in salt, including whole grains, vegetables, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products, and maintain a healthy weight. Focus on finding ways to reduce stress and maintain a strong support system in your life, including reaching out to family and friends for support, or joining a support group.