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What Is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection causing inflammation in one or both lungs. Bacteria, viruses and fungal infections can cause this disease. It’s also possible to get pneumonia after inhaling certain liquids or chemicals.

Those who are most at risk of developing pneumonia include people older than 65 or younger than 2 years of age, as well as those who are ill or have a weakened immune system.


Symptoms of pneumonia may range from mild to severe. These symptoms require prompt medical attention:

  • High fever
  • Chills or shaking
  • Cough with phlegm that persists or gets worse
  • Shortness of breath during ordinary activities
  • Chest pain when breathing or coughing
  • Feeling worse after a cold or the flu

Treatment Options

Treatment depends on the type of pneumonia you may have. Your doctor may prescribe medication such as antibiotics or antiviral therapies. If your condition is advanced, your doctor may recommend hospitalization.

Vaccines are available to prevent some types of flu and pneumonia. Other preventive steps include frequent, thorough handwashing, and avoiding cigarette smoke.

Ready for an Appointment?

If you're experiencing signs or symptoms of pneumonia, schedule an appointment or call 800-TEMPLE-MED (800-836-7536) today.

Learn more about our doctors and care team who diagnose and treat pneumonia.