Researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University (LKSOM) and the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) have for the first time eliminated replication-competent HIV-1 DNA from the genomes of living animals. The study was reported online in the journal Nature Communications. It marks a critical step toward the development of a possible cure for human HIV infection. Kamel Khalili, PhD, Laura H. Carnell Professor and Chair of the Department of Neuroscience, Director of the Center for Neurovirology, and Director of the Comprehensive NeuroAIDS Center at LKSOM, was a senior investigator on the study with a colleague at UNMC. The achievement was publicized internationally, nationally, and locally by outlets such as CBS News, Time, CNBC, USA Today, Stat News, New Scientist, National Geographic España and the Philadelphia Inquirer.