In 2019, researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University (LKSOM) and the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) for the first time eliminated replication-competent HIV-1 DNA from the genomes of living animals. The research was reported online in the journal Nature Communications in July. It marked a critical step toward the development of a possible cure for human HIV infection. Kamel Khalili, PhD, Laura H. Carnell Professor and Chair of the Department of Neuroscience, Director of the Center for Neurovirology, and Director of the Comprehensive NeuroAIDS Center at LKSOM, was a senior investigator on the study with a colleague at UNMC. Discover magazine featured the achievement as one of the top science stories of 2019 in its January/February 2020 issue.