Researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University (LKSOM) and the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) have for the first time eliminated replication-competent HIV-1 DNA from the genomes of living animals. The study was reported online in the journal Nature Communications. It marks a critical step toward the development of a possible cure for human HIV infection. Kamel Khalili, PhD, Laura H. Carnell Professor and Chair of the Department of Neuroscience, Director of the Center for Neurovirology, and Director of the Comprehensive NeuroAIDS Center at LKSOM, was a senior investigator on the study with a colleague at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. The achievement has been publicized internationally, nationally, and locally, with the latest coverage coming from CNN, the Washington Post, 6ABC-TV, CBS3-TV, Philadelphia magazine and Billy Penn.