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Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

What Is Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction?

The sphincter of Oddi is a muscle that plays an important part in digesting food. It opens and closes to let digestive juices, including bile and pancreatic juice, go between the pancreas and small intestine.

Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction occurs when the sphincter does not open and close properly. Physicians are unsure what causes sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, but it is important to contact a gastroenterologist for a comprehensive exam and diagnosis.


Symptoms of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever and chills
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain

Treatment Options

Treatment for sphincter of Oddi dysfunction can vary depending on the severity of your condition. A gastroenterologist may recommend different treatment options, including:

  • Medication – Pain medication can stop spasms in the Oddi sphincter, which causes abdominal pain.
  • Sphincterectomy – A minimally invasive procedure can help diagnose and treat sphincter dysfunction. Your gastroenterologist will insert an endoscope (a small tube with a camera attached) into the small intestine and cut the muscle to address pain and other symptoms.

Ready for an Appointment?

If you're experiencing signs or symptoms of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, schedule an appointment or call 800-TEMPLE-MED (800-836-7536) today.

Learn more about our doctors and care team who diagnose and treat sphincter of Oddi dysfunction.