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Peritonitis

What Is Peritonitis?

The peritoneum is a silk-like membrane that covers organs in the abdomen and lines the inner abdominal wall. Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneum and can be a serious medical emergency. It is caused by a perforation in the abdomen or as a complication from other medical conditions, such as pancreatitis, diverticulitis, appendicitis or trauma.

Symptoms

Symptoms of peritonitis include:

  • Pain and tenderness in the abdomen
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Infrequent urination
  • Thirst
  • Fatigue

Treatment Options

Swift diagnosis and treatment of peritonitis is important as it can lead to a life-threatening infection throughout the body. Treatment for the infection and inflammation includes:

  • Antibiotics – Prescription-strength antibiotics will help kill the infection and stop it from spreading across your body.
  • Surgery – Surgery may be needed to remove the infected tissue and stop the spread of infection.
  • Symptom management – Additional treatment, such as pain medication, IV fluids and blood transfusion may be needed based on your symptoms and side effects of the infection.

Ready for an Appointment?

If you're experiencing signs or symptoms of peritonitis, schedule an appointment or call 800-TEMPLE-MED (800-836-7536) today.

Learn more about our doctors and care team who diagnose and treat peritonitis.